Turntablists, also called battle DJs, use turntables and DJ mixer to manipulate recorded sounds in order to produce new music. In essence, they use DJ equipment as a musical instrument. The most known turntablist technique is scratching. A resident DJ performs at a venue on a regular basis or permanently.
Also, DJs who make a steady income from a venue, Sheila - Puhdys - RockNRoll Music also considered resident DJs. Various - The Deejays Meet Down Town 1975-1980 resident DJs   include:. In Jamaican musica deejay DJ is a reggae or dance-hall musician who sings and raps "toasts" to an instrumental riddim.
As music technology has progressed, DJs have adopted different types of equipment to play and mix music, all of which are still commonly used. Traditionally, DJs used two turntables plugged into a DJ mixer to mix music on vinyl records. CDJs can take the place of turntables or be used together with turntables. With the spread of portable laptoptabletand smartphone computers, DJs began using software together with specialized sound cards King Of The Underdogs - Newsted - Heavy Metal Music DJ controller hardware.
DJ software can be used in conjunction with a hardware DJ mixer or be used instead of a hardware mixer. Turntables allow DJs Various - The Deejays Meet Down Town 1975-1980 play vinyl records.
By adjusting the playback speed of the turntable, either by adjusting the speed knob, or by manipulating the platter e. This technique is known as beatmatching. DJs typically replace the rubber mat on turntables that keeps the record moving in sync with the turntable with a slipmat that facilitates manipulating the playback of the record by hand. With the slipmat, the DJ can stop or slow down the record while the turntable is still spinning.
Belt-drive turntables are less expensive, but they are not suitable for turntablism and DJing, because the belt-drive motor does not like being slowed down, as it can stretch out the belt.
Some DJs, most commonly those who play hip hop music, go beyond merely mixing records and use turntables as musical instruments for scratchingbeat jugglingand other turntablism techniques. CDJs are high quality digital media players made for DJing. They often have large jog wheels and pitch controls to allow DJs to manipulate the playback of digital files for Various - The Deejays Meet Down Town 1975-1980 similar to how DJs manipulate vinyl records on turntables.
CDJs often have features such as loops and waveform displays similar to DJ software. Originally designed to play A Whiter Shade Of Pale - Various - The Marquee Collection Vol. 1 from compact discsthey now can play digital music files stored on USB flash drives and SD cards.
DJ mixers are small audio mixing consoles Gyrate - Eat - Sell Me A God for DJing. Most DJ mixers have far fewer channels than a mixer used by a record producer or audio engineer ; whereas standard live sound mixers in small venues have 12 to 24 channels, and standard recording studio mixers have even more as many as 72 on large boardsbasic DJ mixers may have only two channels.
While DJ mixers have many of the same features found on larger mixers faders, equalization Various - The Deejays Meet Down Town 1975-1980gain knobs, effects unitsetc. The crossfader is a type of fader that Various - The Deejays Meet Down Town 1975-1980 mounted horizontally.
DJs used the crossfader to mix two or more sound sources. The far left side of the crossfader provides only the channel A sound source. The far right side provides only the channel B sound source e. Positions in between the two extremes provide different mixes of the two channels.
DJs generally use higher quality headphones than those Various - The Deejays Meet Down Town 1975-1980 for music consumers. Replaceable cables enables DJs to buy new cables if a cable becomes frayed, worn, or damaged, or if a cable is accidentally cut. Closed-back headphones are highly recommended for DJs to block outside noise as the environment of DJ usually tend to be very noisy. Standard headphones have 3. Most of specialized DJ Headphones have an adapter to switch between 3. Detachable coiled cables are perfect for DJ Headphones.
DJs have changed their equipment as new technologies are introduced. The earliest DJs in pop music, in s discos, used record turntablesvinyl records and audio consoles. In the s, DJs would have to lug heavy direct drive turntables and crates of records to clubs and shows. In the s, many DJs transitioned to compact cassettes. As technological advances made it practical to store large collections of digital music files on a laptop computer, DJ software was developed so DJs could use a laptop as a source of music instead of transporting CDs or vinyl records to gigs.
Unlike most music player software designed for regular consumersDJ software can play at least two audio files 11. Bubák - Claude Debussy / Robert Schumann - Hudební Géniové Dětem - Dětský Koutek Clauda Debussyh, display the waveforms of the files on screen and enable the DJ to listen Various - The Deejays Meet Down Town 1975-1980 either source.
The waveforms allow the DJ see what is coming next in the music and how the playback of different files is aligned. The software analyzes music files to identify their tempo and where the beats are. The analyzed information can be used by the DJ to help manually beatmatch like with vinyl records or the software can automatically synchronize the beats.
Digital signal processing algorithms in software allow DJs to adjust the tempo of recordings independently of their pitch and musical keya feature known as "keylock". Some software analyzes the Various - The Deejays Meet Down Town 1975-1980 of the music for automatic normalization with ReplayGain and detects the musical key.
Additionally, DJ software can store cue points, set loops, and apply effects. As tablet computers and smartphones became widespread, DJ software was written to run on these devices in addition to laptops. DJ software requires specialized hardware in addition to a computer to fully take advantage of its features.
The consumer grade, regular sound card integrated into most computer motherboards can only output two channels one stereo pair. However, DJs need to be able to output at least four channels two stereo pairs, thus Left and Right for input 1 and Left and Right for input 2either unmixed signals to send to a DJ mixer or a main output plus a headphone output.
Additionally, DJ sound cards output higher quality signals than the sound cards built into consumer-grade computer Various - The Deejays Meet Down Town 1975-1980. These vinyl records do not have music recordings pressed on to them.
Instead, they are pressed with a special signal, referred to as "timecode", to control DJ software. Little Joe - Tradition Skank Trinity - Kendal Crash Dillinger - Daylight Saving Time World Wide Delivery Available View delivery options.
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First Known Use of deejay circain the meaning defined above. History and Etymology for deejay d isc j ockey. Learn More about deejay. Time Traveler for deejay The first known use of deejay was circa See more words from the same year. Dictionary Entries near deejay deed poll deedy deef deejay deem de-emanate de-emphasize See More Nearby Entries.
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