Drums are classed as membranophones and consist of a skin or "drumhead" stretched over the open end of a frame or "shell". Well known African drums include the djembe  and the talking drum . Many aspects of African drumming, most notably time-keeping, stem from instruments such as shakers made of woven baskets or gourds or the double bellmade of iron and creating two different tones.
The South American agogo is probably a descendant from these African bells. Other idiophones include the Udu and the slit drum or log drum. Tuned instruments such as the mbira and the marimba often have a short attack and decay that facilitates their rhythmic role. African rhythmic structure is entirely divisive in nature  but may divide time into Thief In The Night - Wendy O.
Williams - WOW fractions at the same time, typically by the use of hemiola Madikoti - Various - Music And Rhythms Of Africa Vol. 2 three-over-twowhich Novotney has called the foundation of all West African polyrhythmic textures. Cross-rhythm is the basis for much of the music of the Niger—Congo peoples, speakers of the largest language family in Africa.
For example, it "pervades southern Ewe music ". They represent a condensed expression of all the movements open to musicians and dancers. Eqwel's " Algorithmic Measures " - 12" Vinyl Release! Joaquin "Joe" Claussell. Rebel Tumbao. Bugge N Friends. ATypical Dopeness Sampler Vol. Atypical Dope Artists. Poeme Electronique - PE. The Lower East Side Pipes. Joaquin Joe Claussell Presents: Un. Bolla - Afrikan Basement 7" Vinyl Release. Electric Jive is currently receiving a deluge of spam.
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Foundation Course in African Music. San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on 5 September Retrieved 24 August The Music of Africa. New York: Norton and Company, Disney, — The Madikoti - Various - Music And Rhythms Of Africa Vol.
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